The multidisciplinary team approach included an oral and maxillof

The multidisciplinary team approach included an oral and maxillofacial surgeon, a prosthodontist, and a speech therapist.

Results: After uneventful healing, the 12-month follow-up showed that sufficient osseointegration of the implants for optimized function was obtained by creating adequate de novo bone volume in the underdeveloped jaw regions. Full Buparlisib regular masticatory function was achieved, and esthetics were improved considerably in both patients.

Conclusion: Augmentation and implant placement prior to prosthetic rehabilitation appears to be a suitable treatment option for adult patients

with XLHED. (c) 2009 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons”
“A tri-branched compound T03-a with 1,3,5-triazine as the core, together with two other T03a-based six-branched compounds T03-b and T03-c, was synthesized. Femtosecond Z-scan technique, two-photon excited fluorescence, two-color pump-probe spectroscopy, together with steady-state absorption and fluorescence emission measurements, were employed to investigate the optical properties and the ultrafast

dynamics of these compounds in chloroform solutions. The two-photon absorption cross sections (measured by femtosecond Z-scan technique at wavelength of 800 nm) of six-branched compounds T03-b and T03-c were determined to be 4000 screening assay GM and 6100 GM, showing 9.5-fold and 14.5-fold enhancement over that of the tri-branched counterparts, T03-a (420 GM). The enhancement was attributed to cooperative interaction between branches, the increased chromophore intensity, as well as the increased

delocalization of the electron cloud. Obvious fluorescence quenching and aggregation-induced enhancement of two-photon fluorescence emission were observed in compounds T03-b and T03-c. The excited state dynamics results reveal an ultrafast charge localization from the excited state to the intramolecular 17DMAG nmr charge transfer state in picosecond domain, and different relaxation dynamics happen in the three compounds. The fluorescence quenching of compounds T03-b and T03-c was also discussed by excited state dynamic results. The two-photon absorption-based optical limiting properties of these compounds in the femtosecond domain were also investigated, and the results indicate these materials being good candidates for optical limiting devices. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3619796]“
“Background and Aims: To examine the cross-sectional associations of inflammatory markers in plasma including C-reactive protein (CRP) and ferritin, and white blood cell (WBC) count, with overweight, skinfold sum (subscapular + triceps), and skinfold ratio (subscapular/triceps) among children from Bogota, Colombia.

Methods and Results: The sample (n = 2614) represented low-and middle-income children, aged 5-12 years, from Bogota.

No adverse health-related events were attributed to this hormone

No adverse health-related events were attributed to this hormone replacement therapy protocol.

CONCLUSION: The nanostructured formulation is safe and effective in re-establishing optimal serum levels of estradiol and follicle-stimulating hormone and relieving the symptoms

of menopause. This transdermal hormone replacement therapy may alleviate climacteric symptoms in postmenopausal women.”
“Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), also known as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), has been increasingly recognized as a possible risk factor for adverse perioperative outcomes in non-bariatric surgeries. However, the impact of SDB on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing bariatric surgery remains less clearly defined. We hypothesized that SDB would be independently associated with worse postoperative outcomes.

Data were obtained from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database and included a total of 91,028 adult patients undergoing bariatric surgeries from 2004 to 2008. The primary outcomes were in-hospital death, total charges, and length of stay. There were two secondary outcomes of interest: respiratory and cardiac

complications. Regression models were fitted to assess the independent association between SDB and the outcomes of interest.

SDB was independently associated with decreased mortality (OR = 0.34, 95% CI = 0.23-0.50, p < 0.001), total charges (-$869, p < 0.001), and length of stay (-0.25 days, p < 0.001). SDB was independently associated with significantly increased odds ratio of emergent endotracheal intubation (OR = 4.35, 95% CI = 3.97-4.77, p < 0.001), noninvasive ventilation (OR = 14.12, 95% CI = 12.09-16.51, p < 0.001), and atrial fibrillation (OR = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.11-1.41, p < 0.001). Emergent intubation occurred significantly earlier in the postoperative course in patients with SDB. Although non-SDB patients had an overall lower risk of emergent intubation compared to SDB patients, their outcomes were significantly worse when they did get emergently intubated.


this large nationally representative sample, despite the increased association of SDB/OSA with Tozasertib postoperative cardiopulmonary complications, the diagnosis of SDB/OSA was negatively, rather than positively, associated with in-hospital mortality and resource use.”
“The impact of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes on the sensitivity of surface antigen (HBsAg) detection assays has been poorly investigated. Here, plasmids carrying consensus or variant coding sequences for HBV surface proteins from genotypes A, D and F, were constructed. HBsAg levels were evaluated in medium and extracts of transfected CHO cells by a commercial polyclonal-based assay. We show that HBsAg detection values of consensus forms from genotypes D and F were, respectively, 37% and 30% lower than those obtained by genotype A.

01) but returned to baseline 2 hours postdialysis (first hour mTW

01) but returned to baseline 2 hours postdialysis (first hour mTWA = 10.1 +/- 4.5 mu V, final hour mTWA = 12.2 +/- 3.7 mu V, postdialysis mTWA = 10.3 +/- 2.7 mu V, P = 0.015). The change in mTWA did not correlate with serum biochemistry or echocardiographic measurements of left ventricular mass and function. Peak mTWA and frequency of spikes in mTWA = 65 mu V were not more common during dialysis compared to other times. Patients who showed greater frequency of spikes =65 mu V or increase in hourly mean mTWA during dialysis did not have a worse cardiovascular outcome over a mean follow-up of 2.6 years. Conclusions: Though there were subtle changes

in mTWA during dialysis, there was no association with mTWA abnormalities previously shown to be associated with worse Pevonedistat research buy outcome. The presence of abnormal mTWA did not correlate with outcome. (PACE 2012; 35:703710)”
“Objective: There are many genes reported to have been associated with combined pituitary hormone deficiencies, but mutations in HESX1 strongly correlate with septo-optic dysplasia. Our aim was to determine the cause of panhypopituitarism in our patient.

Patients check details and methods: We studied an 8-month-old child having panhypopituitarism. The coding exons of PIT1, PROP1, LHX3, and HESX1 genes were amplified.

Direct sequencing was done after denaturing HLPC.

Results: We identified a novel homozygous mutation (R160H) within the homeodomain of HESX1, which, to our knowledge, is the first to be described in humans. Neuroimaging studies revealed anterior pituitary aplasia, a normal posterior pituitary gland, and a thin pituitary stalk but no midline abnormalities. Optic nerve studies showed no pathology. This mutation is also carried

in the parents of the affected child in a heterozygous pattern, suggesting an autosomal recessive inheritance.

Conclusion: These data demonstrate that homozygous HESX1 mutation causing an R160H substitution can result in panhypopituitarism without midline defects.”
“To evaluate if knowledge of patient-specific inflow data in computational fluid dynamics simulations is required for the accurate calculation of intra-aneurysmal flow find more patterns and wall shear stress in an aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery (AcomA).

3D digital subtraction angiography (3D-DSA) and phase contrast magnetic resonance (pcMRI) images were obtained in a 71-year old patient with an unruptured aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery (AcomA). A baseline computational flow dynamics simulation was performed using inflow boundary conditions measured with pcMRI. Intra-aneurysmal flow patterns, maximum, minimum and average values of wall shear stress and wall shear stress histograms were calculated. Five additional computational flow dynamics simulations were performed, in which simulated inflow from the right and left A1 segment was varied, while keeping the total inflow constant.

Trichoderma-colonized rice seedlings were slower to wilt in respo

Trichoderma-colonized rice seedlings were slower to wilt in response to drought. Colonization delayed drought induced changes like stomatal conductance, net photosynthesis and leaf greenness. Drought conditions varying from 3 to 9 days of withholding water led to an increase in the concentration of many stress induced metabolites in rice leaves and decrease of MSI, while Trichoderma colonization caused a decrease in proline,

MDA and H2O2 contents, NCT-501 and increase in phenolics concentration and MSI. Among test isolates, Th 56 induced maximum drought tolerance as treated plants recorded only 20-40 percent wilting even at 9 DDS. With or without exposure to drought, colonization by Trichoderma promoted seedling growth, with Th 56 giving the most consistent effect. The primary direct effect of Trichoderma colonization was promotion of root growth, regardless of water status, which caused delay in the drought responses of rice plants. (C) 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.”
“In order to obtain an AC electrical model of polyfluorene-PEDOT poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) based organic light emitting diodes, different devices have been realized

using three PEDOT dispersions. Static current-voltage characteristics have revealed exponential like transport in all the samples and the bias has shown no dependence on admittance spectra. An electrical model is proposed and the estimated capacitance has been analyzed in terms of polyfluorene bulk intra-gap state distribution obtaining a state density of about 10(16) eV(-1) cm(-3). The hypothesis of a space charge involving completely selleck products the polyfluorene layer has been discussed. (c) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3634121]“
“Burning the terminal leaflet of younger tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) leaf caused local and systemic changes in the surface electrical potential (SEP) and gas exchange (GE) parameters. The local and systemic accumulation of endogenous abscisic acid (ABA) and jasmonic acid (JA) was measured 85 min after burning. The experiments were conducted with wild type (WT) plants, ABA-deficient mutant sitiens (SIT) and

ABA pre-treated selleck SIT plants (SITA). First changes in SEP were detected within 1.5 min after burning and were followed by a decrease in GE parameters within 3-6 min in WT, SIT and SITA plants. GE and SEP time courses of SIT were different and wave amplitudes of SEP of SIT were lower compared to WT and SITA. ABA content in WT and SITA control plants was similar and substantially higher compared to SIT, JA content was similar among WT, SIT and SITA. While changes in the ABA content in systemic leaves have not been recorded after burning, the systemic JA content was substantially increased in WT and more in SIT and SITA. The results suggest that ABA content governs the systemic reaction of GE and the SEP shape upon local burning.

For the longitudinal VBM

For the longitudinal VBM GDC-0973 purchase analysis the progressive MCI group revealed increased GM loss in cortical

regions belonging to the temporal neocortex, parahippocampal cortex, and cingulate gyrus. The frontal lobe, insula and the cerebellum were also affected. This accelerated atrophy may offer new insights into the understanding of neurodegenerative pathology and the clinical relevance of these changes remains to be verified by subsequent studies.”
“Ferromagnetic, pure ZnO films were grown on Al(2)O(3) substrates at various nitrogen pressures (0.01-1.0 mbar) and investigated with x-ray diffraction (XRD) and x-ray absorption spectroscopy. According to XRD data, the crystalline films were composed of crystallites of approximately 50 nm in size, oriented with respect to the substrates, and the lattice spacings show slight deviations BAY 57-1293 price with respect to single-crystalline ZnO of wurtzite structure. The parameters determined by XRD agree with those determined by extended x-ray absorption fine structure, except for the sample grown at the lowest N(2) pressure of 0.01 mbar, which was attributed to deviations from the ZnO single crystals. The results for the ZnO films grown at 0.1 to 1.0 mbar partial N(2) pressure indicate wurtzite unit cells compressed along the c axis. The x-ray absorption

near-edge structure (XANES) spectra exhibited a strong dependence on the x-ray polarization and on nitrogen partial pressure, which was explained by the increase in the concentration of defects with nitrogen partial pressure and by interface or grain boundary effects. First-principles calculations using multiple-scattering formalism suggested that the XANES spectra changes were because of increasing Zn vacancy concentration with

increasing nitrogen pressure. The results indicated that Zn vacancy defects play a significant role in the ferromagnetism of these Selleck AZD6094 films. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3631774]“
“Aims: The optimal management of axillary lymph node metastases from occult breast cancer (TXN1-2M0) is uncertain and practice varies in the use of primary breast radiotherapy. We conducted a retrospective review to examine clinical outcomes for patients managed with or without primary breast radiotherapy.

Materials and methods: Case records from the clinical oncology database were reviewed to identify patients presenting with axillary nodal metastases but no detectable primary tumour between 1974 and 2003. Fifty-three patients with TXN1-2M0 breast cancer were identified, representing 0.4% of patients managed for breast cancer during this period. Of those tested, 59% had oestrogen receptor-positive tumours. Seventy-seven per cent received ipsilateral breast radiotherapy.

The modes of herbal drugs preparation were concoctions, decoction

The modes of herbal drugs preparation were concoctions, decoctions, macerations and infusions. The most frequently used plant parts were the leaves.”
“The Drosophila wing has been used as a model in studies of morphogenesis and evolution; the use of such models can contribute to our understanding of mechanisms S3I-201 price that promote morphological divergence among populations and

species. We mapped quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting wing size and shape traits using highly inbred introgression lines between D. simulans and D. sechellia, two sibling species of the melanogaster subgroup. Eighteen QTL peaks that are associated with 12 wing traits were identified, including two principal components. The wings of D. simulans and D. sechellia significantly diverged in size; two of the QTL peaks could account for part of this interspecific divergence. Both of these putative QTLs were mapped at the same cytological regions as other QTLs for intraspecific wing size variation identified in selleck products D. melanogaster studies. In these regions, one or more loci could account for intra-and interspecific variation in the size of Drosophila wings. Three other QTL peaks were related to a pattern of interspecific variation in wing size and shape traits that is summarized by one principal component. In addition, we observed that female wings are significantly

larger and longer than male wings and the second, fourth and fifth longitudinal veins are closer together at the distal wing area. This pattern was summarized by another principal component, for which one QTL was mapped.”
“Using an accession of common wild rice (Oryza rujipogon Griff.) collected from Yuanjiang County, Yunnan Province, China, as the donor and an elite cultivar 93-11, widely used in two-line indica hybrid rice production in China, as the recurrent

parent, ail advanced backcross populations were developed. Through genotyping of 187 SSR markers and investigation of six yield-related traits of two generations (BC(4)F(2) and BC(4)F(4)), a total of 26 QTLs were detected by employing single point analysis and interval mapping in both generations. Of the 26 QTLs, the alleles of 10 (38.5%) QTLs originating this website from O. rufipogon had shown a beneficial effect for yield-related traits in the 93-11 genetic background. In addition, five QTLs controlling yield and its components were newly identified, indicating that there are potentially novel alleles in Yuanjiang common wild rice. Three regions underling significant QTLs for several yield-related traits were detected on chromosome 1, 7 and 12. The QTL clusters were founded and corresponding agronomic traits of those QTLs showed highly significant correlation, suggesting the pleiotropism or tight linkage.

The risk of re-adenoidectomy seems to be higher than hitherto rep

The risk of re-adenoidectomy seems to be higher than hitherto reported by hospital-based studies. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“In this study, we looked for the role of the mitochondrion in the cytotoxicity of ochratoxin A (OTA), which is one of the most abundant food-contaminating mycotoxins in the world. In different human carcinoma cell lines, OTA VX-689 triggered a mitochondria-dependent apoptotic process, which is characterized by opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTPC), loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential (Delta Psi(m)), increase in O(2)[chemp](-) production,

mitochondrial relocalization of Bax, release of cytochrome c, and caspase activation. However, studies performed on purified organelles suggested that OTA does not directly target the mitochondrion. In addition, we showed that mitochondrial alterations induced by this mycotoxin are favored by the proapoptotic protein Bax, but not Bak. These alterations are prevented by the antiapoptotic proteins, Bcl-2 and to a lesser degree by Bcl-X(L). Taken together,

these data indicate that although mitochondria, PTPC members Compound C clinical trial and proteins of Bcl-2 family play a pivotal role in OTA-induced apoptosis, they do not constitute real targets to overcome its toxicity. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol 26: 579-590, 2011.”
“Background: Laryngomalacia is the most common congenital laryngeal anomaly and is associated with several disorders including gastric reflux, sleep apnea, hypotonia and failure to thrive. Pectus excavatum (PE) is the most common chest wall deformity affecting 1-300/1000 individuals. Though many authors presume a relationship between PE and laryngcimalacia, there

is no published data to establish this association.

Goal: To test the hypothesis that patients referred to our pediatric otolaryngology clinic for evaluation of laryngomalacia exhibit higher rates of PE than the general population.

Methods: Retrospective review of prospectively enrolled children who presented with laryngomalacia (January 2008-June 2012) to a tertiary care, hospital based, pediatric otolaryngology practice. Each chart was examined for a concurrent diagnosis see more of pectus deformity.

Results: Of the 137 laryngomalacia patients, 9 (6.6%) had documented PE. This represents a significantly increased rate of PE when compared to children without laryngomalacia (p = 0.001). Four of the 9 children with PE underwent supraglottoplasty for laryngomalacia, a significantly greater proportion than the 9/128 of the children with isolated laryngomalacia who underwent supraglottoplasty (p = 0.004).

Conclusions: This study suggests an association between laungomalacia and PE. Pediatric otolaryngolgists should be cognizant of this relationship, though further studies are needed to elucidate the nature of this association. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

We examined the association between perceived support and self-ca

We examined the association between perceived support and self-care behaviors and whether self-care confidence mediates these relationships.

Methods: Cross-sectional survey of HF patients seen in outpatient clinic settings. Our outcome

(HF self-care Selleck GW786034 maintenance and self-care management) and mediator (HF self-care confidence) variables were assessed with the Self-Care of Heart Failure Index. Perceived emotional/informational support was assessed with the Medical Outcomes Study social support survey. We performed regression analyses to examine associations between perceived support and HF self-care behaviors. Mediation analysis was performed according to the Baron and Kenny method.

Results: We surveyed 150 HF patients (mean age 61 y; 51% female; 43% black). More emotional/informational support was associated with better self-care maintenance (beta = 0.13; P = .04). More emotional/information support was associated with better self-care management in unadjusted (beta = 0.23; P = .04), but not adjusted (beta = 0.20, P

= .10), analysis. Self-care confidence mediates the association between perceived support and self-care maintenance (percent change in beta coefficient was 32%) and management (percent change in beta coefficient was 20%).

Conclusion: Perceived emotional/informational support is associated with better self-care maintenance and possibly better self-care management. Greater self-care confidence is one mediating mechanism. (J Cardiac Fail 2013;19:202-210)”
“Objective: This article describes the initial analysis of mortality, etiology, and predictors of death in a group of patients with convulsive status GDC-0941 epilepticus (CSE) in southwest China.

Methods: A continuous registration database was established to collect demographic data, etiology, and clinical features of the patients with CSE. Univariate

and multivariate regression analyses were used retrospectively in a total of 203 patients with CSE to identify factors associated with mortality.

Results: The proportion of patients who died within 30 days CCI-779 was 15.8%. The frequency of deaths among female patients (22.1 %) was higher than that among males (12.5%). The most prominent etiologic factors in death were CNS infection, toxic/metabolic disease, and head trauma. The most frequently used treatments were diazepam and/or phenobarbital administered intramuscularly. Univariate analysis identified female sex, status epilepticus (SE) as initial symptom, decreased serum sodium SE duration after admission, and use of mechanical ventilation as being associated with death. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that use of mechanical ventilation, complications, and SE duration after admission were independent predictors of death.

Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated the etiology and potential predictors of death in patients with CSE in southwest China.

Study Design: Retrospective clinical study

Setting: T

Study Design: Retrospective clinical study.

Setting: Tertiary reference center.

Materials and Methods: We evaluated data from 178 patients who had undergone primary stapedotomy for suspected stapedial ankylosis. The stapes footplate was perforated using a fiber-enabled CO2 laser in 89 patients and the “”one-shot”" technique in the other 89. Only consecutive surgery was considered. Bone conduction thresholds were determined at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz on the first and third postoperative days in all patients; 172 patients were

Selleck Sapanisertib followed up after 1 month. Audiograms were compared with preoperative bone conduction.

Results: The postoperative bone conduction threshold on Day 1 was significantly worse at almost all frequencies. At 0.5 and 2 kHz, it improved within a month and was significantly different from the preoperative value. Bone conduction threshold at 4 kHz showed the greatest deterioration immediately after surgery, improving considerably in 1 month but remaining worse than at baseline. Only

at 1 kHz was there no significant immediate hearing loss. Direct comparison of the fiber-enabled CO2 laser and the “”one-shot”" technique showed no statistically significant differences.

Conclusion: Compared with the “”one-shot”" technique, the fiber-enabled CO2 laser can be used safely Torin 1 purchase in stapes surgery, without great risk to the patient. In our opinion, it has practical advantages, especially in difficult anatomic conditions.”
“”"Calendula officinalis: Central Depressive Effect and Subacute Toxicity”". Flowers of Calendula officinalis L. (calendula) have been popularly used due to some attributed medicinal properties as wound healing, anti-inflammatory and sedative activites. The principal chemical compounds found in flowers are essential oils, salicilic acid, carotenoids, flavonoids, tannins and triterpenic saponins. Other medicinal plants that present flavonoids

in his composition have also been used as ansiolitic and analgesic. In this work the activity of calendula was evaluated on the central nervous system, with models of sleep induced by barbiturates, rota rod and open field. Subacute toxicity was evaluated in rats in metabolic cages. ABT-263 ic50 Central depressive effect was observed, with decrease of the spontaneous movement. Hypoglycemic effect was observed but signs of subcute toxicity were not evidenced.”
“Protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) is a G protein-coupled receptor which mediates a variety of functions in the skin including cutaneous inflammation. SLIGKV-NH2, an agonist peptide for PAR2, enhanced the interleukin (IL)-17-induced production of two CXC chemokines, CXCL1 (GRO-a) and CXCL8 (IL-8), in normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK) in a concentration-dependent manner. The enhanced production of those chemokines was suppressed by a PAR2-specific siRNA. The SLIGKV-NH2-induced production of both CXCL1 and CXCL8 was markedly reduced by cyclosporine A.

5 to 5 phr (parts per hundred parts of the polymer resin) were pr

5 to 5 phr (parts per hundred parts of the polymer resin) were prepared and characterized. The composite membranes were characterized by water uptake, proton conductivity, methanol permeability, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The presence

of nanofillers in the composite films was confirmed by XRD and SEM-EDX. The domain size of FOSS (for 0.5 phr sample) as determined by SEM was in the range of 50-100 nm. Thermal selleck chemicals stability of SPEEK remained unaffected by the addition of varying amounts of POSS. Equilibrium water uptake of all the composite membranes (maximum 42%) was higher than that of pure SPEEK membrane (23%) at 80 degrees C. Proton conductivity of SPEEK as measured by two probe method increased upon incorporation of FOSS and maximum value was obtained when the POSS

content was 2 phr (w/w), that is, 4.5 mS/cm, which was higher when compared with SPEEK (1.5 mS/cm) and Nafion (3.4 mS/cm) at 90 degrees C. Methanol permeability of composite membranes was lower than that of SPEEK/Nafion membrane. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 118: 3013-3023,2010″
“We report our 6 months of experience with adjunctive lacosamide in 25 patients with pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy. Baseline characteristics of our patients were similar to those of the populations in the three clinical trials that evaluated lacosamide for refractory focal epilepsy. One patient experienced sustained seizure freedom for 5 months; two more patients had nonsustained periods of seizure freedom PLK inhibitor of I and 4 months. A total of eight patients (32%) reported a greater than 50% reduction in seizure frequency. Thirteen patients (52%)

reported side effects during the titration, mostly dizziness, fatigue, nausea, and gait instability. In five patients (20%), these Quisinostat purchase disappeared during the maintenance phase and/or with dose reduction. Two patients lost more than 10% of their body weight. Otherwise, in terms of efficacy and adverse effects, our data mirror the profile of lacosamide described in the three clinical trials. Substantial weight loss may occur in individual patients. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Robert Koch’s discovery of the anthrax bacillus in 1876 launched the field of medical bacteriology. A ‘golden age’ of scientific discovery ensued. A century after Koch’s death, we remember his life and work. (C) 2010 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The wettability of polyurethane (PU) was altered using ultraviolet ozone (UVO) treatment. The effect of UVO treatment on PU surface chemistry was investigated with various experiments. The direct measurement of sessile drops was employed to quantify the static contact angle of different wetting liquids on homogeneous PU films with various UVO treatment times.