Data were available for 1,074,060 newborns from April 1st, 2002 to March 31st 2010, representing virtually every child born in Ontario during that period. Of these infants, 729,957 infants received
the 2-month vaccination and 625,255 received the 12-month vaccination (Supplementary Fig. 1). 572,511 infants received both the 2- and 12-month vaccinations. Supplementary Table 2 presents socio-demographic information for infants who received the 2-month vaccination, by month of birth. Although statistically significant due to high statistical power, the magnitudes of observed differences for characteristics of vaccinated infants across birth months were too small to be of clinical significance. The overall RI of ER visits and hospitalizations following the this website 2-month vaccination was 0.76 (95% CI: 0.72–0.80). There was strong evidence of differences in RI across birth months (p < 0.0001 for interaction) (Table 1 and Fig. 1). We observed the lowest RI of events for infants born
in October (RI (95% CI): 0.51 (0.43–0.62)), and the highest RI for children born in April (RI (95% CI): 1.07 (0.89–1.28)). The RIR (95% CI) for April compared to October was 2.06 (1.59–2.67). The cosinor test for seasonality was highly statistically significant (p < 0.0001). For the 12-month vaccination, the overall RI (95% CI) was 1.70 (1.65–1.75). Infants born in November had the lowest RI of events LY294002 in vivo (RI (95% CI): 1.39 (1.25–1.54)), whereas July births had the highest RI of events (RI (95% CI): 2.11 (1.89–2.36); Table 1 and Fig. 2). The RIR (95% CI) for July compared to November was 1.52 (1.30–1.77). The cosinor
test for seasonality was highly statistically significant (p = 0.0002). ADAMTS5 The events we observed were overwhelmingly comprised of low acuity emergency room visits. International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) codes for the most responsible diagnosis were examined and were largely made up of complaints such as upper respiratory infections, fever, rash, otitis media, vomiting and gastroenteritis. For both the 2- and 12-month vaccinations, the top 10 main diagnoses (ICD-10 codes and descriptions) for events that occurred in the risk period following vaccination in the months of highest and lowest RI of ER visits and admissions are reported in Supplementary Table 3. For the analysis by month of birth, we found a very similar cyclical pattern of RI for both the 2- and 12-month recommended vaccinations in the vast majority of individual years included in the study.